The Last Judgment was frescoed by Michelangelo about 30 years after the ceiling was built on the wall behind the altar of the Sistine Chapel.
It was commissioned by Pope Clement VII who died before seeing the finished work.

Michelangelo, in the Last Judgment, represents the moment in which at the outbreak of the Apocalypse, the angels sound the trumpets. Christ resurrects the dead by bringing the righteous to Heaven, ordering the angels to throw the damned into hell.

The Last Judgment of the Sistine Chapel inside the Vatican Museums

At the center is Christ with the Virgin; around his figure there are some characters from the Old Testament: prophets, apostles, heroines, sibyls and patriarchs. Saints, virgins and martyrs also appear.

The underlying band is divided into five sectors with the angels with the trumpets in the center, the resurrection of the dead with the ascent of the blessed and the damned who are being sent to hell.

Michelangelo had to paint only the 12 figures of the apostles. At the end of the proceedings of the Last Judgment there were more than 300 characters present.

Michelangelo was accused of immorality and obscenity by Cardinal Carafa because he had painted nude figures, with the genitals in evidence.
A censorship campaign was thus organized (known as the "campaign of fig leaves") to cover the obscenities of the frescoes by Daniele da Volterra. Today, fortunately, one can admire the fresco in the original version frescoed by Michelangelo because following restoration work, the complaints were removed.

The Last Judgment frescoed by Michelangelo

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